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What are the types of knitted fabrics?

Date:2023-07-06  Visits:9

1、 Classified by purpose

Knitted fabrics can be divided into two types according to their usage: underwear fabrics and outerwear fabrics. The characteristics of underwear fabric are fitting, elastic, comfortable, easy to exercise, good softness, good moisture absorption and breathability, and good wrinkle resistance. However, the fabric is easy to detach, has poor dimensional stability, and is prone to snagging, pilling, and pilling. The varieties include weft flat needle, mesh fabric, double rib, single rib, pile up, etc. The characteristics of outerwear fabric are firm, wear-resistant, low shrinkage, easy to wash, and full of elasticity.

2、 Classification according to production process

1. Weft knitted fabric

The weft knitted fabric adopts a flat needle structure, including a variety of flat needle structures, ribbed flat needle structures, double ribbed flat needle structures, jacquard structures, loop structures, etc. It is woven on various weft knitting machines and can be formed with at least one yarn. However, in order to improve production efficiency, multiple yarns are generally used for weaving.

2. Warp knitted fabric

Warp knitted fabrics cannot be formed with a single yarn. It requires multiple yarns to form loops along the longitudinal order of the fabric surface in order to be made. This is because a single yarn can only form a chain like fabric composed of one coil. Warp knitted fabrics have advantages such as good longitudinal dimensional stability, crisp fabric, low detachment, no curling, and good breathability. However, their lateral extension, elasticity, and softness are not as good as those of weft knitted fabrics.

3、 Classification based on production materials

1. Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric

Polyester yarn-dyed knitted fabric is made of dyed low elastic polyester silk as raw material, configured with different colors according to design requirements, and woven into flower patterns of 3-6 colors or even more using jacquard weave. Common flower patterns include strip, grid, flower, figure, animal, landscape, geometric patterns, etc. The fabric has a bright and beautiful color, harmonious color matching, tight and thick texture, clear weave patterns, strong wool texture, and a style similar to wool fabric tweed. Mainly used for men and women's jackets, suits, windcoats, vests, skirts, cotton jacket fabrics, children's clothing, etc.

2. Polyester knitted labor fabric

Polyester knitted labor fabric, also known as polyester knitted Denim, is made of low elastic polyester yarn, one of which is thicker and dyed into Navy blue, and the other is thinner and dyed into white silk. It is woven with jacquard weave. The fabric surface is sandwiched with even and small natural color dots in Navy blue. This type of fabric is tight and thick, firm and wear-resistant, firm and elastic. If the core spun yarn containing spandex is used as the raw material, it can be woven into elastic knitted Denim with better elasticity. Mainly used for men's and women's jackets and pants.

3. Polyester knitted wick fabric

The polyester knitted wick fabric is made of low elastic polyester yarn and woven with a variable double rib weave. During weaving, 1-2 stitches are pulled out every few longitudinal coils, resulting in uneven and uneven straight stripes on the fabric surface. The thickness of the stripes can be determined according to requirements. This type of fabric has distinct bumps and bumps, a thick and plump feel, and good elasticity and warmth retention. Mainly used as fabric for men's and women's jackets, suits, windbreakers, children's clothing, etc.

4. Polyester covered cotton knitted fabric

Polyester covered cotton knitted fabric is a double ribbed composite polyester cotton interwoven fabric. It uses polyester yarn to weave the front of the fabric, and cotton yarn to weave the back of the fabric. The front and back are connected by loops. After dyeing, the fabrics are used as shirts, jackets and Sportswear fabrics. This fabric is firm and wrinkle resistant, sturdy and wear-resistant, with a moisture absorbing and breathable side that fits snugly, making it soft and comfortable.

5. Artificial fur knitted fabric

Artificial fur knitted fabrics often use cotton yarn, viscose yarn, or polypropylene yarn as the base fabric, and acrylic or modified acrylic fiber as the down. When weaving, the fiber bundle is looped together with the ground yarn, and both ends of the fiber are exposed on the surface of the fabric. After weaving, adhesive is coated on the back side of the fabric to shape the fabric to prevent hair loss. Then, a series of finishing processes such as combing, printing, and shearing are carried out to obtain artificial fur with various appearance effects. This fabric has a thick, soft, and good warmth retention. According to different varieties, it is mainly used as coat fabric, clothing lining, collar, hat, etc. Artificial fur is also woven using the warp knitting method.

6. Velvet knitted fabric

Velvet knitted fabric is made of cotton yarn, polyester filament, nylon filament, polyester cotton blended yarn and other raw materials as ground yarn, cotton yarn, polyester filament or polyester textured yarn, polyester cotton blended yarn as pile yarn, and terry yarn woven on a Plush knitting machine with terry fabric to form ground fabric. The terry yarn forms terry yarn, which is cut into loops to form fuzz on the surface of the fabric, and then cut, scalded and finished. Velvet yarn can also be woven into the ground weave according to the padding yarn and cut into loops. This type of fabric has a soft feel, with a thick, sturdy, and wear-resistant texture. The fluff is dense and stands tall, and the color is soft. Mainly used as material for outerwear fabrics, collars, or hats. Swan knitted fabric is a kind of Plush knitted fabric. In addition to weft knitting, Plush knitted fabric can also be woven by warp knitting, for example, warp knitting terry shearing fabric.

7. Hong Kong style knitted fabric

Hong Kong style knitted fabric is a weft knitted fabric made of high-grade cashmere and polyester yarn. It not only has the smooth, soft, and bulky feel of cashmere fabric, but also has the characteristics of soft luster, good drapability, non shrinkage, and strong breathability of silk fabric. Mainly used as fabric for spring, autumn, and winter fashion.